POPE BENEDICT ON THE SPECIAL VOCATION OF VATICAN DIPLOMACY IN THE CHURCH
AND IN THE WORLD
WOMEN--THE TURNING POINT IN VATICAN/HOLY SEE DIPLOMATIC HISTORY!
Vatican Diplomacy, The UN & World Peace—2009 in Review: The Holy See Quietly Commemorates Historic Diplomatic Anniversaries Including Its
45th Year at the United Nations, Is Asked to Approve and Collaborate in Initiatives to Train & Admit Its First Class of Women Diplomats and Advances Environmental Human Rights Diplomacy at Copenhagen Climate Summit for a More Excellent Holy See Diplomacy in the 21st Century
*Website's inaugural commentary.
Since the fourth century the Catholic pontifical ecclesiastical foreign service of the Universal Church of Rome has been the world’s one and only all-male religious professional diplomatic service advocating a human rights conscious diplomacy on the international plane for the cause of the moral excellence of peace. Thus, the professional global diplomatic service apostolate of the Roman Catholic Church, under the authority of the Holy See’s Office of the Papal Secretariat of State, is the world’s only Christ-centered, faith-based, ecclesiastical human rights centric foreign service ministry of a sovereign state promoting irenology— the study of peace and the practice of peace building — through the ecclesiastical diplomatic art and science of moral exhortation in the 21st century. As the Christmas spirit transcends time and transitions into an end-year contemplative hope for “peace on earth and good will towards men,” and 2009 comes to a close as the world prepares to inaugurate a new year, it is both timely and appropriate that global humanity pause to collectively recall and affirm the historic diplomatic achievements accomplished by the Catholic Church’s irenic ecclesiastical foreign service apostolate in 2009, and offer constructive criticism for transformational ecclesiastical diplomatic reform and regime change by the Holy See’s pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic leadership in the new year.
2009 was a year of truly historic ecclesiastical diplomatic anniversaries for both the Catholic Church and Vatican/Holy See diplomatic affairs scholars—this article simply strives to evoke a remembrance of those events of profound significance. On February 11th of this past year the State of Vatican City marked the 80th anniversary of its establishment by the signing of the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy on February 11, 1929. This year the Holy See also celebrated the 75th anniversary of the concordat signed by Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli with Austria in 1934, as well as the 70th anniversary of the election of Secretary of State Pacelli as Pope Pius XII on March 2, 1939, whom the Holy Father on December 24th signed a decree affirming his heroic virtues and granting him the title of “venerable.”. The affirmation of “heroic virtues” is a required procedural step in the Vatican’s ecclesiastical process towards the declaration of sainthood or beatification. Also, during 2009, while international diplomats acknowledged the 50th anniversary of the passing of UN Resolution 1450 (XIV) on December 7, 1959, convoking an international conference for the development of a convention on diplomatic intercourse and immunities that resulted in the April 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, to which the Holy See is a signatory, and which will mark its 50th anniversary of official adoption in April 2011, Vatican/Holy See diplomats and English-speaking Catholic diplomatic scholars were commemorating the 50th anniversary of the publication of the enduring and invaluable classic English-language treatise on pontifical ecclesiastical diplomacy, Vatican Diplomacy: A Study of Church and State on the International Plane, written by American Jesuit Vatican diplomatic scholar and a special advisor to the undersigned, Rev. Robert A. Graham, S.J., and published by Princeton University Press in 1959.
In 2009, in New York City, the Holy See marked the 45th anniversary of the establishment of the its Permanent Observer Mission to the United Nations on April 6, 1964 initiated by Pope Paul VI and UN Secretary U Thant. In addition, at the State of Vatican City and at apostolic nunciatures (pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic missions equivalent to embassies) around the world, the Holy See marked the 40th anniversary of the first and only official papal document outlining the role, function and mission of papal legates and pontifical diplomatic representatives, Sollicitudo omnium Ecclesiarium (On the Care of All the Churches), promulgated by Pope Paul VI as a motu propio—a papal document with binding legal force, in June of 1969. The following month, in May 2009 in the United States, former U.S. Catholic ambassadors to the Holy See, the apostolic nuncio, Archbishop Pietro Sambi and Catholic American scholars and diplomats commemorated the 25th anniversary of the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between the U.S. and the Holy See on January 10, 1984 during the Presidency of Ronald Reagan and the pontificate of Pope John Paul II. On April 16, 2009, The Holy See’s Permanent Observer Mission to the Holy See observed the one-year anniversary of the premier visit of Pope Benedict XVI to America and his address to the United Nations General Assembly in April 2008 with a seminar at the United Nations, titled, “Symposium to Commemorate the First Anniversary of the Address of Pope Benedict XVI to the General Assembly of the United Nations.” The seminar included a welcome message from H.E. Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon and the full contents of the program may be found on the website of the Holy See's Mission to the United Nation at www.holyseemission.org.
In contemplating the profoundly unique historic diplomatic events of the Year of Our Lord, 2009, including the upgrade to full diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Russia on December 4th, and also with respect to the Holy See and the United States, The Roman Pontiff, Vatican officials and Catholic America recall with deep sorrow the death, on January 10, 2009, of H.E. Archbishop Pio Cardinal Laghi, the first apostolic delegate and the first official papal legate to serve as apostolic pro-nuncio (later “nuncio”) to the United States—coincidentally the same date marking the 25th anniversary of the formal establishment of U.S.-Holy See diplomatic relations, and the death on December 5, 2009, of the first U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See, William A. Wilson of Los Angeles. The unexpected deaths of these two retired diplomatic representatives in the same year marking the 25th anniversary of the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between the US and the Holy See—the former at the beginning of 2009, and the latter ironically at the end of 2009—is difficult to fathom and beyond mystical comprehension. Incidentally, with the election of President Barack Obama in January 2009, the United States was presented with a fresh opportunity to accredit its eighth ambassador to the Holy See in the person of theologian Dr. Miguel H. Diaz. Ambassador Diaz was accredited to the Holy See in August 2009, succeeding Harvard Law Professor, Mary Ann Glendon, the Bush Administration’s appointee as the seventh U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See, who served from February 2008 to January 2009.
Upon her confirmation by the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the presentation of her diplomatic credentials to Pope Benedict XVI, Ambassador Glendon became the first human rights attorney and only the second woman to serve as U.S. ambassador to the Holy See following in the footsteps of U.S. Congress woman Corinne C. (Lindy) Boggs, who served from 1997 to 2001. Moreover, although she opted, when asked, not to exercise the ecclesio-juridically correct pontifical ecclesiastical human rights currency of the Glendon Precedent (Pope John Paul II’s formal and official appointment of Professor Glendon as the head of the Holy See’s diplomatic delegation to the 1995 UN Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing, China), Professor Glendon was the first American Catholic woman diplomatic-scholar, to have the professional competencies, experience, expertise and the firm opportunity to formally request the official recognition of, and the allocation of Vatican State-office space for the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Diplomatic Apostolate of Women and the Laity (PEDAWL) from the Holy See’s Office of the Papal Secretariat of State. PEDAWL is a pioneering 21st century Vatican State/Holy See-associated Catholic pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic higher-education, practice administration, scholarly research, human rights advocacy and professional training and development apostolate for Catholic woman and male laity, founded by the undersigned and currently operating within the United States until it acquires an official Catholic office within the Vatican-State's office structure.
The goal and mission of PEDAWL is to collaborate closely with the Holy Father, the Papal Secretary of State, the Congregation for Catholic Education and the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (the human rights dicastery/office of the Holy See’s Roman Curia) to author and promulgate official policy, and implement firm and effective measures, in conformity with Catholic Social Doctrine and the whole body of Holy See pontifical ecclesiastical constitutional and human rights rules of law, to concretely advance the formal diplomatic higher-education, practice administration, professional training/formation, career development and the official admission and formal integration, of highly qualified Catholic women into the Holy See’s professional pontifical ecclesiastical foreign service ministry and diplomatic mission apostolate as official, full-time, salaried, career-track pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic representatives and foreign service officers. In 2009, PEDAWL sent two letters to the Holy See one to the Congregation for Catholic Education and another directly to the Roman Pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI asking for papal support in establishing the first pontifical university of the Universal Church of Rome dedicated exclusively to the professional pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic higher education, training, formation and career development of qualified Catholic women and continues to work to establish a PEDAWL office at the State of Vatican City headquarters.
PEDAWL seeks to realize its goals and bring dynamic regime change and transformational ecclesiastical diplomacy to the Church of Rome by establishing the first pontifical university of the Roman Catholic Church exclusively for the professional pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic higher education and training of qualified Catholic women (and male laity), the Pontifical University of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God & Queen of Heaven (PUBVM) with the St. Catherine of Siena National Catholic Foreign Service Institute and the Pontifical Ecclesiastical School of Diplomacy for Women and the Laity of the Universal Church of Rome. The St. Catherine of Siena National Catholic Foreign Service Institute and Pontifical Ecclesiastical School of Diplomacy will be dedicated to the professional pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic recruitment, screening, higher-education, training, formation, global placement and career development of qualified global Catholic women as Vatican/Holy See pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic representatives and foreign service officers, most especially as Pontifical Ecclesiastical Foreign Service Human Rights Officers serving in global apostolic nunciatures and as representatives to international organizations such as the UN Commission for the Status of Women, the UN High Commission for Human Rights and the UN’s International Labor Organization in order to further promote human rights and equal employment opportunities for global Catholic women in international pontificial ecclesiastical diplomatic practice and other professional disciplines and professions.
Despite its commemoration in 2009 of all the aforementioned historic diplomatic anniversaries the Holy See has continued to quietly maintain—albeit ironically in plain view— an illegal ecclesiastical policy, practice and procedure of the diplomatic gender apartheid and systemic exclusion of women with respect to the Church’s global professional ecclesiastical foreign service ministry and diplomatic mission apostolic. Both in the centuries prior to, and in the centuries since it established its all-male priest-only professional diplomatic training academy, the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, in April 1701 under Pope Clement XI, the Holy See has never admitted qualified global Catholic women to the Catholic Church’s still all-male pontifical ecclesiastical foreign service ministry and diplomatic mission apostolic for formal training, or advanced professional ecclesiastical diplomatic education, formation and/or assignment. However, there remains enduring hope that the Roman Pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI, the Papal Secretary of State, H.E. Archbishop Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone, H.E. Archbishop Zenon Cardinal Grocholewski, Prefect of the Congregation on Catholic Education, will be duly inspired by the Second Congress of Women that was held by them at the Vatican in March 2009, the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, published in 2004, which marked its fifth anniversary this year, the Church’s whole body of ecclesiastical human rights rules of law and its past human rights diplomatic rhetoric already archived in the conscience of humanity, the October 2009 appointment of a new prefect to head the Holy See’s Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, Archbishop Peter Cardinal Turkson, the former Archbishop of Cape Coast, Ghana, and the November 2009 publication of the new book, Vatican Diplomacy at the United Nations by Dr. Roman Melnyk, that encourages the advancement of the ecclesiastical diplomatic role of the laity thus, contributing to the necessary development of the ecclesiology of the professional ecclesiastical diplomatic apostolate of the laity that will aid in making the PUBVM and the St. Catherine of Siena School of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Foreign Service Training (aka: “the Siena School of Vatican Diplomacy for Women”) a reality in the 21st century.
As 2009 comes to a close, the global practice area of pontifical ecclesiastical environmental diplomacy, and the role of the laity within it, is another rapidly emerging technical sub-specialization in the field of pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic capacity-building that is transforming the nature and substance of pontifical ecclesiastical foreign service ministry and diplomatic practice, and opening doors for future global Catholic women pontifical ecclesiastical foreign service officers and pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic representatives. The Catholic Church is long overdue for a new day for women in the field of Vatican/Holy See pontifical ecclesiastical diplomacy and perchance this “new day” will come in the 2010 new year. As the Catholic Church takes pride in the contributions of the Holy See’s five-person delegation to the December 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Summit, although no evidence could be found to confirm whether or not the delegation included any women for gender equity, and the international agreement that resulted therefrom, the Church and the world are invited to also remember Pope Benedict’s 2010 World Day of Peace Message, “If you want to cultivate peace, protect creation” which may be found on the Vatican's website at: www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/messages/peace/documents/hf_ben-xvi_mes_20091208_xliii-world-day-peace_en.html.
The pope's philosophy of environmental diplomacy is as important for the Church's internal development of an authentic policy of pontifical ecclesiastical foreign service environmental practice as it is for the world. Since climate change is an especially daunting sustainable development challenge for women, it is a critical imperative that the Church and the world collaborate to concretely advance a new philosophy of pontifical ecclesiastical environmental diplomatic practice, but they must also work constructively together to create a new women-inclusive ecclesial, intellectual and scholarly, moral, academic and professional ecclesiastical and international human rights rule of law compliant physical environment in which the global professional pontifical ecclesiastical diplomatic foreign service ministry and diplomatic mission apostolate of the Roman Catholic Church may be intrinsically transformed and authentically reformed for the sustainable development of global humanity and the moral excellence of peace in the 21st century.
By Serene Ecclesial Lady, HdG, Dna. Maria St. Catherine De Grace Sharpe, Ambassadeur du Christ (Oxon.), t.o.s.m., T.O.SS.T. Dna. Maria St. Catherine is the President and the John Paul II Vatican Diplomatic Affairs and Ecclesiastical Human Rights World Scholar & Emissary-at-Large for Social Development & World Peace for Ecclesiastica Diplomatica: The Catholic Institute for the Study of Vatican/Holy See Pontifical Ecclesiastical Diplomatic Affairs & International Human Rights, the Founder and Provost of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Diplomatic Apostolate of Women & The Laity (PEDAWL) and the leading human force advocating for the establishment of the Pontifical University of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, Queen of Heaven (PUBVM) and the St. Catherine of Siena Vatican School of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Diplomacy exclusively for Catholic women. Dna. Maria St. Catherine is the world’s first Vatican-trained and Oxford-educated ecclesiastical diplomat and scholar to complete a global and universal sui generis Ecclesiastical Juris Doctorate of Divinity & Diplomacy (Eccl.J.D.) in Vatican/Holy See Pontifical Ecclesiastical Law, Diplomacy & International Human Rights under the authority of the Sacred Magisterium of the Universal Church of Rome headquartered at the State of Vatican City.
THE HOLY SEE & RUSSIA UPGRADE
TO FULL DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS
History was made yesterday, December 4, 2009, evening when Pope Benedict met Dimitri Medvedev, president of the Russian Federation and agreed to establish full diplomatic relations between the Vatican and the Russian Federation.
In a statement, the Vatican press office said: "This afternoon, 3 December 2009, His Holiness Benedict XVI received in audience Dimitri Medvedev, president of the Russian Federation. The president had previously met with Cardinal Secretary of State Tarcisio Bertone SDB who was accompanied by Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, secretary for Relations with States.
"During the cordial discussions pleasure was expressed on both sides at the cordial relations that currently exist between them, and it was agreed to establish full diplomatic relations between the Holy See and the Russian Federation.
"Following an exchange of opinions on the international economic and political situation - also in the light of the Encyclical "Caritas in veritate" of which the Holy Father presented the president with a copy in Russian - attention turned to the challenges currently facing security and peace. The talks then turned to cultural and social questions of mutual interest, such as the value of the family and the contribution believers make to life in Russia".
THE VATICAN & RUSSIA ELEVATE RELATIONS TO HIGHEST DIPLOMATIC LEVEL
By Carol Glatz
Catholic News Service
During a meeting at the Vatican Dec. 3, Pope Benedict XVI and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev agreed to establish full diplomatic ties between their two countries. Since 1990 they have exchanged diplomatic representatives but without full relations.
The two leaders discussed "the challenges currently facing security and peace" and the international and political situation in the world, according to a written statement released by the Vatican after the meeting.
They also discussed "cultural and social questions of mutual interest, such as the value of the family and the contribution believers make to life in Russia," the Vatican statement said.
The private discussions between the two leaders were "cordial," it said.
In a customary exchange of gifts, the pope presented Medvedev a copy of his encyclical "Caritas in Veritate" ("Charity in Truth") in Russian. The president gave the pope 22 volumes of an encyclopedia on the Russian Orthodox Church.
The Vatican and the Russian federation forged high-level official contacts in 1990, a year before Russia voted the communist government out of existence and the former Soviet Union collapsed. It was the first time the two countries exchanged official representatives since full diplomatic relations had been broken after the Russian Revolution of 1917.
The Vatican's representative in Moscow has had the title of apostolic nuncio and Moscow's representative to the Vatican has had the title of ambassador since 1990, but the diplomats' functions have been that of representatives.
The atypical diplomatic status of the two representatives has not had a negative impact on their work as they enjoy normal working ties and diplomatic rights and privileges, said Pavel Dyukarev, charge d'affaires at the Russian Embassy to the Vatican.
Tense relations between the Russian Orthodox and Catholic churches had been partially responsible for the lack of establishing full diplomatic relations in the past, he said by phone to Catholic News Service Dec. 4. He said that while church and state are separate in Russia, "the church is not separate from society and at the time one had to take this into consideration."
"It's true that the (improved) relations between the two churches have facilitated" this political step forward, "but there is no direct link, just an atmosphere that has been marked by closer, friendlier relations," said the diplomat.
This sui generis Roman Catholic professional ecclesiastical diplomatic public service research, special events and educational/scholarly intellectual apostolate of the Universal Church of Rome executes initiatives under the following titles:
The U.C.R. Royal Ecclesiastical (Catholic) Institute of Christ the King for the Sovereign Study of Vatican/Holy See Pontifical Ecclesiastical Law, Diplomacy, Irenology (Peace Studies) & International Human Rights (aka: "The Institute on Vatican Diplomacy," "The Vatican Institute," "The Institute on Vatican Law & Diplomacy" and "The Institute for Vatican Studies")
The Association of Vatican Diplomatic Affairs & Ecclesiastical Foreign Service Women Professionals & Lay Scholars ("The Vatican Diplomatic Affairs Association")
The Christifideles Laici Institute for Catholic International & Diplomatic Affairs--
Called to Serve by Our "Sovereign Lord Jesus Christ, The King
The UN World Heritage Institute for the Study of the International, Diplomatic & Human Rights Affairs of the Holy See's Missions to the United Nations